Authors: Vinh Nguyen, Quyen Vu, Oksana Solenaya and Andrey Ronzhin
Journal Title: MATEC Web of Conferences
ISSN: 2261-236X (Online)
Publisher: EDP Sciences
The main classes of problems of exact farming, solved with the involvement of robotics, are discussed. The use of precision navigation systems for robotic agricultural machines allows us to determine the actual soil parameters, calculate the cartograms for fertilizer application, taking into account the spatial variability of the agricultural contour. A promising method is the use of unmanned aerial vehicles for surveying and selecting intra field agricultural contours from a small height. To reduce the variability of soil characteristics in the fields, various robotic means of processing and preparation are used, including for leveling the soil. Given the regularity of planting crops on the fields, automatic systems of parallel driving of agricultural machinery are gaining popularity. Based on the analysis of modern robotic agro systems, promising areas for further research are formulated.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Illustration Photo: 2-armed robot, Baxter is used to harvest lettuce experimentally by imitating human motion. This activity is a part of the 'Automation of Lettuce Harvesting' project undertaken by students from Bio-Inspired Robotics Lab in collaboration with G Grower's. (credits: Engineering at Cambridge / Flickr Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0))