Authors: Zhakeyev Adilet, Wang Panfeng, Zhang Li, Shu Wenmiao, Wang Huizhi, Xuan Jin

 

Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc.

Content Provider: PubMed Central (PMC)

 
Abstract
 
The global energy infrastructure is undergoing a drastic transformation towards renewable energy, posing huge challenges on the energy materials research, development and manufacturing. Additive manufacturing has shown its promise to change the way how future energy system can be designed and delivered. It offers capability in manufacturing complex 3D structures, with near‐complete design freedom and high sustainability due to minimal use of materials and toxic chemicals. Recent literatures have reported that additive manufacturing could unlock the evolution of energy materials and chemistries with unprecedented performance in the way that could never be achieved by conventional manufacturing techniques. This comprehensive review will fill the gap in communicating on recent breakthroughs in additive manufacturing for energy material and device applications. It will underpin the discoveries on what 3D functional energy structures can be created without design constraints, which bespoke energy materials could be additively manufactured with customised solutions, and how the additively manufactured devices could be integrated into energy systems. This review will also highlight emerging and important applications in energy additive manufacturing, including fuel cells, batteries, hydrogen, solar cell as well as carbon capture and storage.
 
Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 

Illustration Photo: Concentrating sunlight and focusing it on smaller sized solar cells is an effective means of improving the electrical energy output per unit solar cell area. The optical concentrator presented is capable of harnessing about 3.6 times the solar energy and inputting it on the solar cell. We have utilised 3D printing and highly reflective film in order to cheaply manufacture this optical concentrator. The optical concentrator enables the solar cell to produce a maximum of 2.8 times more power compared to a similar solar cell without the optical concentrator. The shape of the optical concentrator is designed such that it does not need any tracking and would reduce the cost of energy production substantially. (credits: University of Exeter / Flickr Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0))

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