Trade Competitiveness in Global Tropical Fruits

The objective of the article was to examine trade competitiveness and revealed comparative advantages of global tropical fruits and to measure the stability and duration of Balassa indices by applying Kaplan-Meier survival function and Markov transition probability matrices. Results reveal that Spain, Ecuador, and The United States were the main exporters of the examined tropical fruits in the periods evaluated, together giving 29% of all products exported.
2 years ago

Author: Alieu GIBBA 

 

Journal Title: Review of Agricultural and Applied Economics

 

ISSN: 1336-9261 (Online)
 
Publisher: Slovak University of Agriculture
 
Society/Institution: Faculty of Economics and Managemet SUA, Association of Agricultural Economics in Slovakia
 
Abstract
 
Trade in agricultural commodity has significantly played a vital role in world’s economic growth and development. Drawing its strength from the agricultural industry, such important roles include contribution to quality food production, job creation, foreign exchange earnings, and industrial inputs.
 
The objective of the article was to examine trade competitiveness and revealed comparative advantages of global tropical fruits and to measure the stability and duration of Balassa indices by applying Kaplan-Meier survival function and Markov transition probability matrices. Results reveal that Spain, Ecuador, and The United States were the main exporters of the examined tropical fruits in the periods evaluated, together giving 29% of all products exported. The top10 countries, therefore, consisted 60% of concentration, dominated by fresh or dried banana, including plantains, which constitutes more than 25% of trade, followed by fresh apples which represents more 18% of the total tropical fruits trade for all the periods. The Balassa indices, however, were the highest for Costa Rica and Ecuador. Typically, comparative advantages seem to diminish for most of the countries as manifested by the stability tests and mobility indices.
 
This article is licensed under CC BY-SA
 

Illustration Photo: bananas (Public Domain from Pixabay.com)

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