Authors: Carlos A. Trasviña-Moreno, Rubén Blasco, Álvaro Marco, Roberto Casas and Armando Trasviña-Castro

 
Journal Title: Sensors
 
ISSN: 1424-8220 (Print)
 
Publisher: MDPI AG
 
Abstract
 
Marine environments are delicate ecosystems which directly influence local climates, flora, fauna, and human activities. Their monitorization plays a key role in their preservation, which is most commonly done through the use of environmental sensing buoy networks. These devices transmit data by means of satellite communications or close-range base stations, which present several limitations and elevated infrastructure costs.
 
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) are another alternative for remote environmental monitoring which provide new types of data and ease of use. These aircraft are mainly used in video capture related applications, in its various light spectrums, and do not provide the same data as sensing buoys, nor can they be used for such extended periods of time. The aim of this research is to provide a flexible, easy to deploy and cost-effective Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) for monitoring marine environments.
 
This proposal uses a UAV as a mobile data collector, low-power long-range communications and sensing buoys as part of a single WSN. A complete description of the design, development, and implementation of the various parts of this system is presented, as well as its validation in a real-world scenario.
 
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Photo: Drifting Davis buoy placed in El Tecolote (Mexico) beach for environmental data collecting (credits: Carlos A. Trasviña-Moreno, Rubén Blasco, Álvaro Marco, Roberto Casas and Armando Trasviña-Castro)

Photo: Delta Wing UAV used in the SIMMA project (credits: Carlos A. Trasviña-Moreno, Rubén Blasco, Álvaro Marco, Roberto Casas and Armando Trasviña-Castro)

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