Authors: Enrique Moguel, José M. Conejero, Fernando Sánchez-Figueroa, Juan Hernández, Juan C. Preciado, Fernando Sánchez-Figueroa and Roberto Rodríguez-Echeverría

 

Journal: Sensors 2018, 18(1), 64; doi:10.3390/s18010064
 
Publisher: MDPI 
 
Abstract
 
Sustainability is at the heart of many application fields where the use of Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) is becoming more and more important (e.g., agriculture, fire detection and prediction, environmental surveillance, mapping, etc.). However, their usage and evolution are highly conditioned by the specific application field they are designed for, and thus, they cannot be easily reused among different application fields. From this point of view, being that they are not multipurpose, we can say that they are not fully sustainable. Bearing this in mind, the objective of this paper is two-fold: on the one hand, to identify the whole set of features that must be provided by a UAS to be considered sustainable and to show that there is no UAS satisfying all these features; on the other hand, to present an open and sustainable UAS architecture that may be used to build UAS on demand to provide the features needed in each application field. Since this architecture is mainly based on software and hardware adaptability, it contributes to the technical sustainability of cities. 
 
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
 

Photo of the UAS (credits: Enrique Moguel, José M. Conejero, Fernando Sánchez-Figueroa, Juan Hernández, Juan C. Preciado, Fernando Sánchez-Figueroa and Roberto Rodríguez-Echeverría)

Photo of the UAS (credits: Enrique Moguel, José M. Conejero, Fernando Sánchez-Figueroa, Juan Hernández, Juan C. Preciado, Fernando Sánchez-Figueroa and Roberto Rodríguez-Echeverría)

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