Soil Less Farming With Industry 4.0

An Internet of Things (IoT) architecture for soil-less farming systems using Industry 4.0 is introduced. The architecture emphasizes the control of water quality in distributed soil-less food production systems by adhering to Industry 4.0 standards. Soil less agriculture can be defined as growing plants in the greenhouse system in solid environments other than soil which is enriched in nutritional solutions.
Authors: P. Akhila, R. Senthil Prabha
 
Journal of Internet of Things and Information Technology: 2 pp. 25- 37.
 
Publishers: MANTECH PUBLICATIONS / ZENODO
 
Abstract
 
An Internet of Things (IoT) architecture for soil-less farming systems using Industry 4.0 is introduced. The architecture emphasizes the control of water quality in distributed soil-less food production systems by adhering to Industry 4.0 standards. Soil less agriculture can be defined as growing plants in the greenhouse system in solid environments other than soil which is enriched in nutritional solutions. There are two types of soil less agriculture 1) Hydroponics – which grows plants in water 2) Aerologics - which grows plants in air. Soilless cultivation is highly used in protected agriculture to improve control over the growing environment and to avoid uncertainties in the water and nutrient status of the soil. Industry 4.0 is the current trend of data exchange and automation in manufacturing industrial technologies. Industry 4.0 is a combination of cyber-physical systems, the Internet of things, cloud computing and cognitive computing. Industry 4.0 is also referred as the fourth industrial revolution. Although, it has been applied for monitoring soil-less farming, where cyber physical system is used to control the water nutrients which highly supports to grow plants. Cognitive computing can help soil less farming to identify risks and frauds. It analyses information to predict water, nutrients using Naive Bayes Algorithm. The acquired data can be stored in cloud for future reference.
 
This aricle is published under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license.

Illustration Photo: Hydroponics Farm in Duivendrecht, Netherlands (credits: jbdodane / Flickr Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC 2.0))

Read more

Comments

No comments to display.